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Pereira, N., Holz, M., Hermes Pereira, A., Bresolin, A. P., Zimmermann, N., & Fonseca, R. P. (2016). Frequency of neurolopsychological deficits after traumatic brain injury. Acta Colombiana De Psicología, 19(2), 105–115. https://doi.org/10.14718/ACP.2016.19.2.6
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Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to significant changes in daily life as well as in social labor communicative and cognitive domains (attention. memory and executive functions). This study aimed to characterize the occurrence of post-TBI neuropsychological deficits as well as to determine whether there is an impact related to the level of severity of the trauma on the patient’s performance. Ninety-six adults participated in the study who were divided in two groups to assess the trauma’s level of severity: mild TBI (n=39) and severe TBI (n=57). This severity was classified by the Glasgow Coma Scale by the duration of consciousness loss or by post-traumatic amnesia. There were no differences between the groups regarding variables of age and years of schooling. A Chi- square test was used to do a comparison between the two groups in terms of occurrence of neuropsychological deficits. Verbal. Visuospatial – mnemonic - linguistic and executive tests composed a flexible neuropsychological battery. Patients with mild TBI had better scores compared to those with severe TBI (number of errors and in completed categories of the Modified Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (MWCST); errors in Part B of The Hayling Test; and proactive and retroactive interference in the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT). The severity of the trauma seems to differentiate individual’s performance on episodic memory of new information and in the control of interference between memories; the same is applied to flexibility and inhibition functions. These results suggest the need for more investments in public health policy actions prioritizing neurocognitive remedial intervention and prevention methods for such condition with high incidence of sequels.

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