How to Cite
Gómez, V., Segura Camacho, S., Castrillón, D., & Perilla, L. E. (2016). Standardization of a battery of tests to assess psychosocial risk factors at the workplace among colombian workers. Acta Colombiana De Psicología, 19(2), 221–238.

 Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:

 Acta Colombiana de Psicología complies with international intellectual property and copyright laws, and particularly with Article No. 58 of the Political Constitution of Colombia, Law No. 23 of 1982, and the Agreement No. 172 of September 30, 2010 (Universidad Católica de Colombia Intellectual Property Regulation).

 Authors retain their copyright and grant to the Acta Colombiana de Psicología the right of first publication, with the work registered under Creative Commons attribution license, which allows third parties to use the published material, provided they credit the authorship of the work and the first publication in this Journal.


A battery of questionnaires to assess psychosocial risk factors at work was developed in 2010 in response to Resolution 2646 created by the Colombian Ministry of Social Protection. However, this battery presents some theoretical and practical limitations. A new battery of instruments has been designed and validated that includes instruments and risk indicators of the demand-control-social support and the effort-reward imbalance models. Other factors, not included in these models, but that Resolution 2646 suggests should be assessed, have also been added, and with this additional information, the new battery allows us to also calculate a “global indicator” of demand, control, and social support; family and social risk conditions, coping and personality; and health and wellbeing. The new battery was administered to a sample of 16,095 workers from different occupations and representative Colombian regions. An analysis of the various domains indicates that internal consistency of the various scales is high. The new battery has the following properties: it is simple to use in paper format or when administered by computer, it enables comparison between occupations, it offers unified scores for each variable, and provides information to assess the risk factors suggested by Resolution 2646. In addition, it will make it possible to compare the results obtained when analyzing Colombian workers with those obtained from studies of workers from other countries.



Aiken, L. (2003). Tests psicológicos y evaluación. México: Prentice Hall.

Alvarado, R., Marchetti, N., Villalón, M., Hirmas, M., y Pastorino, M. S. (2009). Adaptación y análisis psicométrico de un cuestionario para evaluar riesgos psicosociales en el trabajo en Chile: versión media del CoPsoQ. Revista chilena de Salud Pública, 13(1), 7-16.

Araújo, T. y Karasek, R. (2008). Validity and reliability of the job content questionnaire in formal and informal jobs in Brazil. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment y Health, Supp. 6, 52-59.

Bahamón, N., y Zuluaga, L. (1993). Factores de riesgo psicosociales en los trabajadores de los institutos descentralizados afiliados a Capreneiva. Tesis de grado Especialización en Salud Ocupacional. Facultad de Salud Pública. Universidad de Antioquia.

Blanch, J. M., Sahagún, M., y Cervantes, G. (2010). Estructura Factorial del Cuestionario de Condiciones de Trabajo. Factor Structure of Working Conditions Questionnaire. Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones, 26(3), 175-189. Bocanument, G. (1994). Naturaleza, origen, clasificación y evaluación de los riesgos psicosociales del trabajo. Administración de Personal, 16(52).

Bocanument, G., y Berjan, P. (1996). Encuesta para la identificación cuantitativa de los factores de riesgo psicosocial. En Seguro Social Protección Laboral, editor. Factores de riesgo psicosocial, 17-25. Documento técnico. Bogotá: ECOSAD.

Bosma, H., Peter, R., Siegrist, J., y Marmot, M. (1998). Two alternative job stress models and the risk of coronary heart disease. American Journal of Public Health January, 88(1), 68-74. Doi: 10.2105/AJPH.88.1.68

Brisson, C., Blanchette, C., Guimont, C., Dion, G., Moisan, J., y Vezina, M. (1998). Reliability and validity of the French version of the 18 item Karasek Job Content Questionnaire. Work and Stress, 12, 322-336.

Calnan, M., Wainwrite, D., y Almond, D. (2000). Job Strain, effortreward imbalance and mental distress: A study of occupations in general medical practice. Work y Stress, 14(4), 297-311.

Cedillo L., y Karasek R. (2003). Reliability and Validity of the Spanish Version of the Job Content Questionnaire Among Maquiladora Women Workers. Massachusetts: JCQ-Center. Recuperado de

Comité Mixto OIT-OMS (1984). Factores Psicosociales en el Trabajo: Naturaleza, incidencia y prevención. Seguridad, Higiene y Medicina del Trabajo, 7.

Eum, K., Li, J., Lee, H., Kim, S., Paek, D., Siegrist, J., y Cho, S. (2007). Psychometric properties of the Korean version of the effort-reward imbalance questionnaire: a study in a petrochemical company. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 80(8), 653-661. Doi: 10.1007/s00420-007-0174-3.

Eysenck, H. J. (1968). Eysenck personality inventory. San Diego: Educational and Industrial Testing Service.

Ganster, D. C., y Schaubroeck, J. (1991). Work stress and employee health. Journal of Management, 17, 235-271.

Gómez, V. (2010). Assessment of psychosocial stressor at work: Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the ERI (Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire) in Colombian Workers. Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones, 26(2), 147-156.

Gómez, V. (2011). Assessment of psychosocial stressors at work: psychometric properties of the JCQ in Colombian workers. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 43(2), 125-138.

Gómez, V., y Perilla, E. (2011). Tensión laboral en varios grupos ocupacionales colombianos: Validación del modelo Demanda Control y del instrumento JCQ. Revista Ciencia y Trabajo, 13(42), 208-216.

Griep, R., Rotenberg, L., Vasconcellos, A., Landsbergis, P., Comaru, C., y Alves, M. (2009). The psychometric properties of demand-control and effort-reward imbalance scales among Brazilian nurses. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 82, 1163-1172. Doi: 10.1007/ s00420-009-0460-3.

Johnson, J.V., y Hall, E. (1988) Job strain, workplace social support and cardiovascular disease: A cross-sectional study of a random sample of the Swedish working population. American Journal of Public Health, 78(10), 1336-1342.

Johnson, J.V., Stewart, W., Hall E. M., Fredlund, P., y Theorell, T. (1996). Long-Term Psychosocial Work Environment and Cardiovascular Mortality among Swedish Men. American Journal of Public Health, 86(3), 325-331.

Johnson, J.V., Hall, E.M., y Theorell, T. (1989). Combined effects of job strain and social isolation on cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality in a random sample of the Swedish male working population Scandinavian. Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 15(4), 271-279.

Karasek R.A. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24, 285-307.

Karasek, R., Gardell, B., y Lindell, J. (1987). Work and nonwork correlates of illness and behaviour in male and female Swedish white collar workers. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 8, 187-207.

Karasek, R., Brisson, Ch., Kawakami, N., Houtman, I., Bongers, P., y Amick, B. (1998). The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ): An instrument for Internationally Comparative Assessments of Psychosocial Job Characteristics. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 3(4), 332-355.

Karasek, R., y Theorell, T. (1990). Healthy work. Stress, productivity and the reconstruction of Working Life. U.S.A: Basic Books. HarperCollins Pub.

Karasek, R.A., Baker, D., Marxer, F., Ahlbom, A., y Theorell, T. (1981). Job Decision Latitude, Job Demands, and Cardiovascular Disease: A Prospective Study of Swedish Men. American Journal of Public Health, 71(7), 694-705.

Kawakami, N., y Fujigaki, Y. (1996). Reliability and validity of the Japanese version Job Content Questionnaire: Replication and extension in computer company employees. Industrial Health, 34, 295-306.

Kawakami, N., Kobayahi, F., Araki, S., Haratani, T., y Furui , H. (1995). Assessment of job stress dimensions based on the job demands-control model of employees of telecommunication and electric power companies in Japan: Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Job Content Questionnaire. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 4, 358-375.

Kinman, G., Jones, F., y Kinman, R. (2006). The Well-being of the UK Academy, 1998-2004. Quality in Higher Education, 12(1), 15-27.

Kristensen, T. S. (1995). The Demand-Control-support model: Methodological challenges for future research. Stress Medicine, 11, 17-26.

Kristensen, T. S. (1996). Job stress and cardiovascular disease: A theoretic critical review. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1(3), 246-60.

Lazarus, R. (1999). Stress and Emotion: A New Synthesis. Nueva York: Springer Publishing Company.

Londoño, N. H., Henao López, G. C., Puerta, I. C., Posada, S., Arango, D., y Aguirre-Acevedo, D. C. (2006). Propiedades psicométricas y validación de la Escala de Estrategias de Coping Modificada (EEC-M) en una muestra colombiana. Universitas Psychologica, 5(2), 327-350.

Lugo, L. H., García, H. I., y Gómez, C. (2006). Confiabilidad del cuestionario de calidad de vida en salud SF-36 en Medellín, Colombia. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública, 24(2), 37-50.

Lundberg, U., y Cooper, C. L. (2011). The science of occupational health. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Macías Robles, M. D., Fernández López, J. A., Hernández Mejía, R., Cueto Espinar, A., Rancaño, I., y Siegrist, J. (2003). Evaluación del estrés laboral en trabajadores de un hospital público español. Estudio de las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del modelo Desequilibrio esfuerzorecompensa. Medicina Clínica, 120(17), 652-657.

Marmot, M. (2013). Whitehall II History. UCL Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health Web Site. Recuperado de

Ministerio de la Protección Social (2008). Resolución 2646 de julio 17 de 2008. Diario Oficial 47059 de julio 23.

Ministerio de la Protección Social, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (2010). Batería de instrumentos para evaluación de factores de riesgo psicosocial. Manual general de la batería de instrumentos. Bogotá: Ministerio de la Protección Social República de Colombia. Recuperado de

Ministerio de la Protección Social. (2011). Respuesta a derecho de petición número 00279985 del 15 de septiembre de 2011.

Moncada, S., Llorens, C., y Kristensen, T. S. (2004). Método ISTAS 21 (CoPsoQ). Manual para la evaluación de riesgos psicosociales en el trabajo. Instituto Sindical de Trabajo, Ambiente y Salud (ISTAS). Paralelo Ediciones SA.

Msaouel, P., Keramaris, N., Apostolopoulos, A., Syrmos, N., Kappos, T., Tasoulis, A., Tripodaki, E.-S., Kagiampaki, E., Lekkas, I., y Siegrist, J. (2012). The Effort-reward Imbalance Questionnaire in Greek: Translation, Validation and Psychometric Properties in Health Professionals. Journal of Occupational Health, 54 (2), 119-130.

Niedhammer, I., Siegrist, J., Landre, M., Goldberg, M., y Leclerc, A. (2000). Etude des qualités psychométriques de la version francaise du modèle d’équilibre Efforts/Recompenses. Revue d’Epidemiologie et de Santé Publique, 48, 419-437.

Nübling, M., StöÙel, U., Hasselhorn, H. M., Michaelis, M., y Hofmann, F. (2006). Measuring psychological stress and strain at work-evaluation of the COPSOQ Questionnaire in Germany. GMS Psycho-Social Medicine, 3, 1-14.

Pejtersen, J. H., Kristensen, T. S., Borg, V., y Bjorner, J. B. (2010). The second version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 38(3 supp.), 8-24.

Pelfrene, E., Vlerick, P., Mak, R., De Smet, P., Kornitzer, M., y De Backer, G. (2001). Scale reliability and validity of the Karasek Job Demand Control Support model in the Belstress study. Work and Stress, 4, 297-313.

Peter, R., Siegrist, J. Hallqvist, J., Reuterwall, C., y Theorell, T. (2002). Psychosocial work environment and myocardial infarction: Improving risk estimation by combining two complementary job stress models in the SHEEP Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 56, 294-300.

Riso, W. (1988). Entrenamiento asertivo: aspectos conceptuales, evaluativos y de intervención. Medellín: Formar.

Riso, W., Pérez, G. M., Roldán, L., y Ferrer, A. (1988). Diferencias en ansiedad social, creencias irracionales y variables de personalidad en sujetos altos y bajos en asertividad (tanto en oposición como en afecto). Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 20(3), 391-400.

RLDatos FASECOLDA (2013). Reporte de Trabajadores afiliados al sistema de riesgos laborales. Recuperado de

Sale, J. E. M., y Kerr, M. S. (2002). The psychometric properties of Karasek’s demand and control scales within a single sector: data from a large teaching hospital. International Archives of Occupational Environmental Health, 75, 145-152.

Sarsosa, K. V., Arenas, F., y Charria, V. H. (2011). Factores de riesgo psicosocial laboral: métodos e instrumentos de evaluación. Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública, 29(4), 380-391. Semmer, N. K., y Meier, L. L. (2009). Individual differences, work stress, and health. En C. L. Cooper, J. Campbell Quick, y M. J. Schabracq (eds.), International handbook of work and health psychology (3rd ed., pp. 99-121). Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Siegrist, J. (2002). Effort-Reward Imbalance at Work and Health. En: P.L. Perrewé y D.C. Ganster (Eds.). Historical and Current Perspectives on Stress and Health, vol. 2, 261-291. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Schnall, P. L., Belkic, K., Landsbergis, P. L., y Baker, D. (2000). Why the workplace and cardiovascular disease In P. L.

Schnall, K. Belkic, P. Landsbergis, y D. Baker (Eds.). Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, 15(1), Filadelfia: Hanley and Belfus.

Sverke, M., y Hellgren, J. (2002). The Nature of Job Insecurity: Understanding Employment Uncertainty on the Brink of a New Millennium. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 51(1), 23-42.

Sverke, M., Hellgren, J., y Näswall, K. (2002). No security: A metaanalysis and review of job insecurity and its consequences. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7(3), 242-264. Theorell, T., y Karasek, R. A. (1996). Current issues relating to psychosocial job strain and cardiovascular disease research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1, 9-26.

Tsutsumi, A., Kayaba, K., Theorell, T., y Siegrist, J. (2001). Association between job stress and depression among Japanese employees threatened by job loss in a comparison between two complementary job-stress models. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment y Health, 27(2), 146-153.

Turner-Bowker, D.M., Bartley, P.J., y Ware, J.E., Jr. (2002). SF-36® Health Survey y SF Bibliography: Third Edition (1988-2000). Lincoln, RI: QualityMetric Incorporated.

Van der Doef, M., y Maes, S. (1999). The Job Demand-Control (-Support) Model and psychological well-being: a review of 20 years of empirical research. Work Stress, 13, 87-114.

Villalobos, G. H., Vargas, A. M., Rondón, M. A., y Felknor, S. A. (2013). Design of psychosocial factors questionnaires: A systematic measurement approach. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 56(1), 100-110.

Ware, J. E. (2013). SF-36® Health Survey Update. The SF Community. Recuperado de

Winefield, A., Gillespie, N., Stough, C., Dua, J., Hapuarachchi, J., y Boyd, C. (2003). Occupational stress in australian university staff: Results from a national survey. International Journal of Stress Management, 10 (1), 51-63.


Download data is not yet available.

Reference by

Sistema OJS 3 - Metabiblioteca |