How to Cite
Vargas Zúñiga, R., & Solís Cámara R., P. (2013). Rebuilding the Kansas reflection-impulsivity scale for preschoolers (KRISP). Acta Colombiana De Psicología, 16(1), 115–121. Retrieved from

 Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:

 Acta Colombiana de Psicología complies with international intellectual property and copyright laws, and particularly with Article No. 58 of the Political Constitution of Colombia, Law No. 23 of 1982, and the Agreement No. 172 of September 30, 2010 (Universidad Católica de Colombia Intellectual Property Regulation).

 Authors retain their copyright and grant to the Acta Colombiana de Psicología the right of first publication, with the work registered under Creative Commons attribution license, which allows third parties to use the published material, provided they credit the authorship of the work and the first publication in this Journal.


The Kansas Reflection-Impulsivity Scale for Preschoolers (KRISP) was developed in the 70’s of the last century for testing the cognitive styles of reflection-impulsivity (R-I). Later, research studies pointed out some deficiencies of the KRISP as a measure of R-I styles; however, researchers are still using the KRISP, probably because it is the sole scale available to test preschoolers’ styles. The aim of the present study was to develop an improved version of the scale for the assessment of R-I in preschoolers. Participants were 59 preschoolers with a mean age of 3.4 years (SD = 0.39). Several methodological strategies allowed the authors to develop a 10-itemversion of the scale. Analyses with this new version indicated alpha Cronbach coefficients of .82 for latencies and of .67 for total errors. The obtained correlation between latency and errors was -.36 (p = .002). Based on these analyses a new version of the scale, called KRISP-R, is proposed. The importance of carrying out research studies of the new scale but with bigger samples and variables that have been traditionally related with the R-I styles is also discussed.



Arce, E. & Santiseban, C. (2006). Impulsivity: A review. Psicothema, 18 (2), 213-220.

Banta, T. J. (1970). Tests for the evaluation of early childhood education: The Cincinnati Autonomy Test Battery. En J. Hellmuth (Ed.), Cognitive Studies (pp. 424-290). New York: Bruner/Mazel.

Bornas, A. X., Servera, B. M., & Montaño, M. J. J. (1998). La medición de la impulsividad en preescolares: análisis psicométrico de la escala KRISP. Psicothema, 10 (3), 597-608.

Buela-Casal, G., Carretero-Dios, H., & Santos-Roig, M. (2001). Análisis del constructo reflexividad-impulsividad: Del Matching Familar Figures Test (MFFT) al MFFT20. Análisis y Modificación de Conducta, 27, 29-70.

Cairns, E. D. & Cammock, J. (1978). Development of a more reliable version of the Matching Familiar Figures Test. Developmental Psychology, 5, 555-560.

Cohen, L., Nesci, C., Steinfeld, M., Haeri, S., & Galynker, I. (2010). Investigating the relationship between sexual and chemical addictions by comparing executive function in pedophiles, opiate addicts and healthy controls. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 16(6), 405-412.

Doob, I. (1990). Hesitation: impulsivity and reflection. New York: Greenwood

Jones, B. & Duffy, J. (1982). An analysis of performance by pre-school children on the KRISP and on a length discrimination task. Acta Psychologica, 52 (3), 197-211.

Kagan, J. & Messer, S. B. (1975). A reply to “Some misgivings about the Matching Familiar Figures Test as a measure of reflection-impulsivity”. Developmental Psychology, 11, 244-248.

Kagan, J. (1965a). Individual differences in the resolution of response uncertainty. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2 (2), 154-160.

Kagan, J. (1965b). Matching Familiar Figures Test. Cambridge: Harvard University.

Kagan, J. (1965c). Reflection-impulsivity and reading ability in primary grade children. Child Development, 36, 609-628.

Kagan, J., Rossman, B. L., Day, D., Albert, J., & Phillips, W. (1964). Information processing in the child: significance of analytic and reflective attitudes. Psychological Monographs, 78 (1, Whole No. 578).

Messer, S. B. (1976). Reflection-impulsivity: A review. Psychological Bulletin, 83 (6), 1026-1052.

Rigbi, A., Yakir, A., Sarner-Kanyas, K., Pollak, Y. & Lerer, B. (2011). Why do young women smoke? A controlled study of nicotine effects on attention: pharmacogenetic interactions. The Pharmacogenomics Journal, 11 (1), 45-52.

Salkind, N. J. & Wright, J. C. (1977). The development of reflection-impulsivity and cognitive efficiency. Human Development, 20, 377-387.

Seçer, Z., Sari, H., Celiköz, N. & Ure, O. (2009). Okul Öncesi Dönemdeki Çocukların Bilişsel Stillerinin Bazı Değişkenler Açısından İncelenmesi [An analysis of cognitive styles of preschool children in terms of some variables]. SelçukÜniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, 21, 407-420.

Servera, M., Cardo, E., Tortella-Feliu, M., & Buela-Casal, G. (2009). Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala Magallanes de Impulsividad Computarizada. Revista Mexicana de Psicología, 26 (1), 71-77.

Solís-Cámara R. P. & Servera, M. (2003). Los efectos del modelo probabilístico sobre el estilo cognoscitivo reflexividad impulsividad. Psicothema, 15, 545-549.

Solís‑Cámara R. P. & Solís‑Cámara V.P. (1987a). Efectos a largo plazo en la modificación de la impulsividad: su relevancia para la comprensión de los estilos. Revista Interamericana de Psicología, 21 (1‑2), 41‑55.

Solís‑Cámara, R. P. & Solís‑Cámara V., P. (1987b). Is the Matching Familiar Figures Test a measure of cognitive impulsivity? A warning for users. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 64, 59‑74.

Solís‑Cámara, R. P. (1982). La reflexión y la impulsividad como estilos cognoscitivos de la personalidad. Enseñanza e Investigación en Psicología, 8 (2-16), 219‑228.

Solís-Cámara, R. P. (1996). Random and cognitive responders on the Matching Familiar Figures Test: Alternatives for users. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 83, 543-562.

Weijers, H. G., Wiesbeck, G. A. & Boning, J. (2001) ReflectionImpulsivity, personality and performance: A psychometric and validity study of the Matching Familiar Figures Test in detoxified alcoholics. Personality and individual differences, 31 (5), 731-754.

Wright, J. C. (1971). Kansas Reflection Impulsivity Scale for Preschoolers (KRISP). Kansas: University of Kansas.

Wright, J. C. (1978). The KRISP: A normative evaluation. Kansas: University of Kansas.


Download data is not yet available.

Reference by

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Sistema OJS 3 - Metabiblioteca |