How to Cite
Della Méa, C. P., Bettinelli, L. A., & Pasqualotti, A. (2018). Anxiety and depression symptoms in adults and elderly in post-percutaneous coronary intervention. Acta Colombiana De Psicología, 21(2), 247–257. https://doi.org/10.14718/ACP.2018.21.2.11
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Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are among the leading causes of disability and death. One of the forms of treatment for them is the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). After a diagnosis or cardiac procedure, patients have psychological symptoms that often go unnoticed and interfere with their health condition. The aim of this article was to evaluate the intensity of anxiety and depression symptoms in adult and elderly patients hospitalized after PCI. The design of the study was cross-sectional, analytical, correlational and comparative. Participants were 266 patients who had undergone PCI. Their average age was 64.5 years (SD =8.9 years) and most of them were men (68%) with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (64.3%). The research instruments used were the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory - Second Edition (BDIII). Data collection was performed during the patients’ hospitalization and statistical analysis was carried out by means of the Chi-SquareTest, the Kolmogorov –Smirnov Test and ANOVA. The level of significance used was p ≤ .05. Results showed that the majority of patients presented severe symptoms of anxiety (29.7%) and minimum intensity depressive symptoms (51.9%). The study highlights the importance of assessing and treating psychological symptoms after PCI as these interfere with the patient’s adherence to treatment and with their quality of life.

Keywords:

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