Cómo citar
Pérez Manrique , T., Diaz Barbosa , J. H., & Pulido Vega , J. C. (2009). Contraste conductual en operantes relacionales con participantes humanos. Acta Colombiana de Psicología, 12(2), 115-126. Recuperado a partir de https://actacolombianapsicologia.ucatolica.edu.co/article/view/283

Resumen

El contraste conductual es un fenómeno característico de los programas múltiples con operantes típicas de la clase presión de palanca o picoteo de la tecla, documentado ampliamente en animales. Recientemente, se han desarrollado procedimientos como los de discriminación condicional que podrían ser aplicables al estudio del contraste con operantes relacionales. Esta investigación tuvo como propósito determinar si el contraste conductual se presenta cuando se trabaja con este tipo de operantes; seis estudiantes de bachillerato, quienes participaron voluntariamente y no recibieron más paga que la dispuesta por las contingencias del programa, se expusieron a un programa múltiple de 100 ensayos por componente, al cabo de los cuales se realizó una prueba con relaciones derivadas y sin refuerzo asociado a cada elección. Analizando la razón de elección por componente del Experimento 1, se encontró contraste positivo en los tres participantes y en la prueba relacional se evidenció transferencia de las preferencias en los participantes 1 y 2; en el Experimento 2 se encontró inducción negativa en los tres participantes y en la prueba de trasferencia se evidenció inducción negativa en menor grado. Se concluye de este experimento, que el cambio en las contingencias se puede colocar bajo control contextual a la manera de un marco relacional.

Licencia

Derechos de autor 2009 Tiberio Pérez Manrique, Javier Hernan Diaz Barbosa, Juan Camilo Pulido Vega

Creative Commons License
Esta obra está bajo licencia internacional Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0.

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